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Food Additives





Volatile, Volatile Salts, Sal Volatile, Salt of Hartshorn, Baker's Ammonia
E503
Ammonium Carbonate, which degrades with heat into ammonia gas and carbon dioxide and was used as a quick leavening agent before the introduction of baking soda and baking powder.

Gum Dragon, Gum Tragacanth, Shiraz Gum, Shiraz, Gum Elect
E413
A natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern legumes of the genus Astragalus.

Sorbitol
E420
A sweet sugar alcohol, mostly made from corn syrup, but also found in apples, pears, plums, and peaches.

Gum Arabic, Acacia Gum, Chaar Gund, Char Goond, Meska
E414
A stabiliser containing glycoproteins and polysaccharides. A natural gum made of the hardened sap of two species of acacia tree found in Senegal and Somalia.

Sanders
A red colouring powder containing santalic acid made from the Indian red sandlewood tree.

Saltpetre or Sal Prunella
E252
Potassium nitrate. Similar to common salt, and similarly used as a food preservative at least since the 16th Century. Called 'Sal Prunella' when in a solid form - formerly thought to be a different chemical.

Bole Armenia, bolus armenus or bole armoniac
E172
A form of iron oxide in an earthy clay found in Armenia, used as a brown colouring.


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