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Hock is a general term, used only in English, for the white wines of Germany. (Compare with 'Claret', an English term for certain French wines.)

Known at least since a reference in John Crowne's play 'Juliana' of 1671 (OED), and still in use, the name derives from Hochheim-am-Main, a town in the the modern German state of Hessen, even though the bulk of German white sold in England is actually from the Rhine region.


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