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or Yarmouth Bloaters

Whole herring, soaked in brine before being very lightly smoked. Known by this name only since the 1830's (OED)

Image: http://www.thefishsociety.co.uk

Pepys diary has, "5th. At night Sir W. Pen and I alone to the Dolphin, and there eat some bloat-herrings and drank good sack."

"Why, you stink like so many bloat-herrings newly taken out of the chimney," Ben Jonson, 'Masque of Augurs.'

There is also a freshwater fish (Coregonus hoyi) of the North American Great Lakes called a bloater.

George Orwell's 'The Road to Wigan Pier' has it that "You see statues everywhere to politicians, poets, bishops, but none to cooks or bacon-curers or market-gardeners. The Emperor Charles V is said to have erected a statue to the inventor of bloaters, but that is the only case I can think of at the moment."

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