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or Yarmouth Bloaters
Whole herring, soaked in brine before being very lightly smoked. Known by this name only since the 1830's (OED)
Pepys diary has, "5th. At night Sir W. Pen and I alone to the Dolphin, and there eat some bloat-herrings and drank good sack."
"Why, you stink like so many bloat-herrings newly taken out of the chimney," Ben Jonson, 'Masque of Augurs.'
There is also a freshwater fish (Coregonus hoyi) of the North American Great Lakes called a bloater.
George Orwell's 'The Road to Wigan Pier' has it that "You see statues everywhere to politicians, poets, bishops, but none to cooks or bacon-curers or market-gardeners. The Emperor Charles V is said to have erected a statue to the inventor of bloaters, but that is the only case I can think of at the moment."
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